3. Find the true theme of the sentence and choose a verb that matches it. In the first example, a statement of wish, not a fact, is expressed; therefore, what we usually consider a plural verb is used with the singular. (Technically, this is the singular subject of the object put in the subjunctive atmosphere: it was Friday.) Normally, his education would seem terrible to us. However, in the second example, when a request is expressed, the subjunctive setting is correct. Note: Subjunctive mood is losing ground in spoken English, but should still be used in formal oral and written expression. The rest of this lesson explores the subject-verb correspondence problems that can result from placing words in sentences. There are four main problems: prepositional sentences, clauses that begin with whom, this or who, sentences that begin with here or there, and questions. 7. Nouns such as civics, mathematics, dollars, measles and short stories require singular verbs. What form of verb to use in this case? Does the verb have to be singular to correspond to a word? Or does the verb have to be plural to match the other? Some indefinite pronouns like all, others are singular or plural, depending on what they refer to.
(Is the thing referred to countable or not?) Be careful when choosing a verb that accompanies such pronouns. 1. If the subject of a sentence consists of two or more nouns or pronouns connected by and, use a plural verb. For example, the list of items is on the desktop. If you know that the list is the subject, then choose is for the verb. NOTE: Sometimes, however, ics nouns can have a plural meaning: we can talk about individual parts of this set. In this case, we apply the same rule that applies to group nouns when we examine individual group members (see section 3.3): We use a plural agreement. Fractional expressions such as half of, part of, a percentage of, a majority of are sometimes singular and sometimes plural, depending on the meaning.
(The same is true, of course, when all, all, all, all, more, most, and some act as subjects.) Sums and products of mathematical processes are expressed in the singular and require singular verbs. The phrase “more than one” (oddly enough) takes on a singular verb: “More than one student has tried this.” 2. If the different parts of the composite subject are connected by or not, use the verb form (singular or plural) that corresponds to the subject that is closest to the verb. Neither pronouns are singular and require singularverben, although in some ways they seem to refer to two things. As subjects, the following indefinite pronouns ALWAYS adopt singular verbs. Look at them closely. On the other hand, there is an indefinite pronoun, none that can be in the singular or plural; It doesn`t often matter if you use a singular or plural, unless something else in the sentence determines its number. .