Part 2 of this document outlines some key dynamics observed in the implementation of peace agreements. These eight dynamics range from high expectations, unresolved problems, a lack of institutional capacity, the emergence of new security threats, the changing nature of protest, the opening of new political spaces, social polarization and diminished international support. For each dynamic, the document contains a few examples in different contexts. In Part 3, the document allows actors and other third parties to help mediation learn lessons on how to support the implementation of a peace agreement during its negotiation phase and after its signing. The document concludes with final comments on the importance of moving from the negotiating table to the implementation of an agreement. When the peace agreement between the Colombian government and the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC) was signed in 2016, many observers stressed that the real challenge was just beginning. In the quote above, Jean Paul Lederach argues for “the need to forge a quality implementation” – a perspective that requires more attention in the construction of peace. So far, discussions on best practices in supporting mediation and the promotion of peace have focused on efforts to sign a peace agreement. It is about advising negotiators and negotiators in a structured negotiation process and supporting other stakeholders, such as civil society actors. B, access to the content and process of peace negotiations. The implementation agreement will generally include commitments made by the supplier to the government. B, for example with regard to compliance with environmental legislation, dumping of fuels on national fuel markets, etc. In response to some of the difficulties associated with the provisions of the exploitation of the seabed in Part XI of the agreement, mentioned in particular by the industrialized countries, the Secretary-General convened in July 1990 a series of informal consultations which culminated on 28 July 1994 in the adoption of the Agreement on the Application of Part XI of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982.
The agreement entered into force on July 28, 1996. In selecting the topic for its discussions, the MSN took into account recent experience in Colombia, where a peace agreement had been reached in December 2016 and where the nature of the process and its support had evolved with the transition from “agreement” to “implementation of an agreement”. In a case where most of the implementation did not begin until after the signing of the peace agreement, Colombia highlighted the challenges of moving from the negotiating table to reality and highlighted the possibilities for dialogue and mediation in the context of the agreement. The annual meeting of the Belfast Agreement and Good Friday in Northern Ireland, signed on 10 April 1998, also stagnated on the eve of the twentieth anniversary of the Belfast Agreement and Good Friday in Northern Ireland. Northern Ireland has provided a useful longer-term reference point in light of recent developments in Colombia and has provided important information on the long-term nature and impact of implementing a peace agreement. “The quality of a peace agreement is only the quality of its implementation. While the handshake symbolizes the culmination of a process, it opens a new one, the need to forge a quality implementation. The purpose of this document is to contribute modestly to the debate on how mediation aid actors and peacemakers can contribute to quality implementation. In doing so, it draws on discussions that took place at the Mediation Support Network (MSN) meetings in London in 2018 and Bogota in 2019.